From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A police officer also known as a policeman/woman, police agent, patrolman, cop, and constable is a warranted employee of a police force. In the United States, “officer” is the formal name of the lowest police rank. In many other countries, “officer” is a generic term not specifying a particular rank, and the lowest rank is often “constable”. In many other countries there is no such title as “police officer”, as the use of the rank “officer” is legally reserved for military personnel only and thus not applicable. Police officers are generally charged with the apprehension of criminals and the prevention and detection of crime, and the maintenance of public order. Police officers may be sworn to an oath, and have the power to arrest people and detain them for a limited time, along with other duties and powers.
Some police officers may also be trained in special duties, such as counter-terrorism, surveillance, child protection, VIP protection, and investigation techniques into major crime, including fraud, rape, murder and drug trafficking.
Duties and functions
Responsibilities of a police officer are varied, and may differ greatly from within one political context to another. Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of people and property, and the investigation of crimes. Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations that may arise while they are on duty. Rules and guidelines dictate how an officer should behave within the community, and in many contexts restrictions are placed on what the uniformed officer wears. In some countries, rules and procedures dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident, even if they are off-duty. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers, while off duty.
Un policier ou agent de police est un membre de la police qui porte l’uniforme et dont la fonction est de faire respecter la loi, de maintenir l’ordre et d’assurer la sécurité publique. Eu égard à la dimension lucrative de l’activité policière. Dans la plupart des États, les policiers peuvent porter une arme pendant leur service. Ils sont représentants de l’autorité publique ; à ce titre la loi peut alourdir les peines de certains délits (outrage à agent, insultes, etc.) lorsqu’ils visent un policier.
Law enforcement chaplains serve in local, county, state and federal agencies and provide a variety of services within the law enforcement community. They should not be confused with prison chaplains, whose primary ministry is to those who are incarcerated either awaiting trial or after conviction. The role of the law enforcement chaplain deals primarily with law enforcement personnel and agencies. The chaplain responds to these unique needs and challenges with religious guidance, reassuring and trustworthy presence, resources and counseling services. The law enforcement chaplain offers support to law enforcement officers, administrators, support staff, victims and their families, and occasionally even the families of accused or convicted offenders.